Four European nations – Germany, Britain, France, and Portugal – are leading the way in drafting a resolution to the United Nations that will condemn the Syrian government for its actions against peaceful protesters. In a closed door meeting Wednesday by representatives of the member nations composing the UN Security Council, they agreed that consultations will commence this week regarding a resolution on Syria.

The United States ambassador to the UN Susan Rice, however, admitted getting everybody on board for a Syrian resolution could be difficult at this point. Some members of the Security Council have expressed their impatience on NATO’s campaign in Libya as Col. Muammar Gadhafi’s forces have yet to be completely dismantled even after weeks of bombardment. In March, the council issued a resolution that allowed the West to execute military intervention in Libya.

The Russians in particular are not too happy with the Britain-France bannered resolution.  This prompted their diplomats to change some of the language used to make it more acceptable to Moscow as well as to non-permanent members of the council.

Britain and France are hoping that a vote would me made by Friday although a veto by any of the five permanent members – the US, Britain, France, China, and Russia – could practically kill the resolution. The US has earlier called for reforms and leadership transition in Syria with or without Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

There is pressure on the Security Council to act on the violent response by the Assad government on its citizens. The powerful multi-nation body, however, is also avoiding military response at the moment considering that the Libyan crisis remains a stalemate.

Thousands of Syrians have already fled to neighboring Turkey as the unrest has spread to the towns outside of Damascus. According to the UN and Turkish authorities, around 2,400 Syrians have crossed to the Turkish border side in order to flee from the violence in their towns.

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that the flow of Syrian refugees to Turkey has been steadily increasing these past few weeks. The first batch of refugees arrived at the Turkish border on late April. The UNHCR has praised Ankara’s handling of the humanity crisis so far as they have provided the refugees with food, dwelling, and medical attention.

Ankara on Wednesday announced that the country will not be closing its doors to Syrian civilians who are fleeing away from the conflict. Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan also urged his counterpart in Damascus to implement reforms and change his attitudes towards the pro-democracy protesters. Syria’s neighbor to the west, Lebanon, has already absorbed some 5,000 refugees although no exact number has been released so far by Beirut.

Many of the refugees that just arrived came from the town of Jisr al-Shughur where over a hundred Syrian security forces were killed. The Syrian government has since issued a warning and vowed to retaliate prompting many residents to seek refuge in Turkey. Activists, on the other hand, claim that the Syrian army was responsible for the killing of the security forces after they refused to follow orders of firing on the civilians although this account has yet to be verified.

The Syrian government is also under fire from the international community over its alleged undeclared nuclear reactor. The UN’s atomic watchdog International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has voted to refer Syria to the Security Council for its covert nuclear program. The nuclear site has been destroyed by an Israeli air attack in 2007. During the IAEA vote, Russia and China were among the only six countries that voted against the resolution.